Checkups and Screenings for Men

SUGGESTED CHECKUPS AND TESTS FOR MEN

18-39 years old
40-49 years old
50- 64 years old
65+ years old

18-39 years old:

  • Physical examination every 1-2 years, including blood pressure check, height and weight (general screening)
  • Clinical examination of testicles for lumps as part of the physical examination (screening for testicular cancer); counseling for monthly testicular self-examination.
  • Counseling on diet and exercise, birth control, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, and abuse of alcohol, tobacco and drugs.
  • Dental exam and cleaning every year
  • Skin examination every 3 years (screening for skin cancer)
  • Cholesterol (baseline reading in your 20s, with follow-up tests every 5 years).

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40-49 years old:

  • Physical examination every year, including blood pressure check, height and weight (general screening)
  • Clinical examination of testicles for lumps every year, as part of the physical examination (screening for testicular cancer); counseling for monthly testicular self-examination
  • Counseling on diet and exercise, birth control, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, and abuse of alcohol, tobacco and drugs
  • Prostate specific antigen (PSA) exam every year, starting at age 45, for high-risk men (screening for prostate cancer)
  • Skin examination every year, as part of the physical examination (screening for skin cancer and precancerous lesions)
  • Dental exam and cleaning every year
  • Eye exam, including glaucoma screening, every 2 years
  • Cholesterol screening every year, or at your healthcare provider’s discretion (screening for cardiovascular disease)
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) – baseline screening for heart damage, abnormal rhythms, or enlargement of the hear

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50- 64 years old:

  • Physical examination every year, including blood pressure check, height and weight (general screening)
  • Clinical examination of testicles for lumps every year, as part of the physical examination (screening for testicular cancer); counseling for monthly testicular self-examination
  • Counseling on diet and exercise, and abuse of alcohol, tobacco and drugs
  • Urinalysis every year, as part of the physical examination (general screening)
  • Skin examination, as part of the physical examination (screening for skin cancer and precancerous lesions)
  • Dental exam and cleaning every year
  • Eye exam, including glaucoma screening, every 2 years
  • Hearing screening every 2 years
  • Cholesterol screening every year, or at your healthcare provider’s discretion (screening for cardiovascular disease)
  • Fasting blood sugar every year (screening for diabetes)
  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone after age 60 (screening for thyroid function)
  • Prostate specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination every year (screening for prostate cancer)
  • One of the following screening options for colorectal cancer:
  1. Fecal Occult Blood Test (annually) and sigmoidoscopy (every five years)
  2. Barium enema (every five to 10 years)
  3. Colonoscopy (every 10 years)

A digital rectal examination should be done at the same time as the sigmoidoscopy, barium enema and colonoscopy.

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65+ years old:

  • Physical examination every year, including blood pressure check, height and weight (general screening)
  • Clinical examination of testicles for lumps every year, as part of the physical examination (screening for testicular cancer); counseling for monthly testicular self-examination
  • Counseling on diet and exercise, and abuse of alcohol, tobacco and drugs
  • Urinalysis every year, as part of the physical examination (general screening)
  • Skin examination, as part of the physical examination (screening for skin cancer and precancerous lesions)
  • Examination of the mouth and tissues inside the mouth every year for smokers, as part of the physical examination (screening for oral cancer)
  • Dental exam and cleaning every year
  • Eye exam, including glaucoma screening, every 2 years
  • Hearing screening every 2 years
  • Cholesterol screening every year, or at your healthcare provider’s discretion
  • (screening for cardiovascular disease)
  • Fasting blood sugar every year (screening for diabetes)
  • Prostate specific antigen (PSA) every year (screening for prostate cancer)
  • One of the following screening options for colorectal cancer:
  1. Fecal Occult Blood Test (annually) and sigmoidoscopy (every five years)
  2. Barium enema (every five to 10 years)
  3. Colonoscopy (every 10 years)

A digital rectal examination should be done at the same time as the sigmoidoscopy, barium enema and colonoscopy.

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Sources:
American Academy of Family Physicians, Mayo Clinic, American Cancer Society